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Welcome to lecture note page of Foundation. I teach Exploration to MSc Geology Third semester at Central Department of Geology, Kirtipur, Kathmandu. You can download pdf files of lecture notes and presentations of class lectures from this page. Assignments are also given in the end of the lecture notes. Click the links below to download lecture notes.

Class day: Every week: Monday

Time: 11.15 - 12.30.

Course of Study

Bearing capacity of shallow foundation: Basic definitions, gross and net footing pressure, Rankine’s analysis, Hogetogler and Terzaghi’s analysis, Prandtl’s analysis, Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory, Types of shear failures, effect of water table on bearing capacity, bearing capacity of square and circular footings, foundation on layered clay, bearing capacity from standard penetration test, settlement of foundation, loads for settlement analysis, immediate settlement of cohesive soils and cohesionless soils, consolidation settlement in clays, settlement of foundations on cohesionless soils, allowable soil pressure for cohesionless soils and cohesive soils, Housel’s method for design of foundation.

Shallow foundations: Types, depth of footings, foundation loading, principle of design of footings, proportioning footings for equal settlement, design of combined footing by elastic line method, finite difference method for combined footings, elastic plate method, finite difference method for mats.

Pile foundations: Classification of piles, pile driving, construction of bored piles,  static methods for driven piles in sand and saturated clay, static method for bored piles, in-situ penetration tests for pile capacity, pile load test, pile grouping in sand and gravel, and in clays, settlement of pile groups, tension piles, laterally loaded piles.

Drilled piers and caissons: Drilled piers and their constructions, design and construction of open caissons, pneumatic caissons and their construction, floating caissons and their stabilities.

Pavement design: Types of pavements, basic requirements, functions of components of a pavement, California Bearing Ratio Test, design of flexible pavements, group index method, CBR method, California Resistance Value method, McLeod method, Triaxial test method, Burmister’s method, Coefficient of subgrade reaction, Westergaard’s analysis, temperature stresses in rigid pavements, combined stresses in rigid pavements.

Main text and reference books:

  1. Textbooks

    Arora. K.R. (2011): Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering. Standard Publishers Distributors. Delhi, India. 886p.

  2. Reference books

    Lambe T. W. and Whiteman R. V. (2000): Soil Mechanics, SI Version, John Wiley & Sons.

    G. N. Smith (1990): Elements of Soil Mechanics, Sixth Edition, BSP Professional Books.

Lecture notes, homework and presentations, links will appear to click after lecture day.

  1. Lecture 1- Introduction to the Course and Introduction to Foundation design, Bearing Capacity of Soil pdf of class ppt: click here 

You should submit Homework of this lecture on next class. Please check last slide of the presentation.

     2.  Lecture 2- 3, Foundation, lateral pressure pdf of Class ppt: click here 

     3.  Lecture 3 -  pdf of Class ppt: click here 

You should submit Homework of this lecture on next class. Please check last slide of the presentation.

     4.  Lecture 4 - pdf of Class ppt: click here 

You should submit Homework of this lecture on next class. Please check last slide of the presentation.

     5.  Lecture 5 - pdf of Class ppt: click here 

Reference materials for practical

1. Particle size distribution of soil, click here.

2. Consistency of soil, click here.

3. Compaction test of soil, click here.

4. Permeability of soil, click here.

  

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